Python Securely Store Password

The getpass module provides a secure way to handle the password prompts where programs interact with the users via the terminal. Securely escrow & share sensitive credentials STACHE is a sensitive key, password, and certificate manager. Finally, launch FileZilla and connect to your virtual private server via SFTP using SSH2 with a username and an empty password (do not forget to close pageant when you are done). if you're creating files you need to access they will be owned by root, but you can easily change the permissions using the os module. 1-1) [universe] alternate backend implementations for python-keyring python-keystone (2:9. I wrote a small Python script to send email and push notifications. This means that, behind the scenes, your password is retrieved at run-time from an operating system specific password store. I can't think of a single good reason for that. Werkzeug is python library which contains lot of development and debugging tools for implementation of web application gateway interface( WSGI ) applications. The default is a simple directory backing store, because it requires no prior host customization, so long as the underlying filesystem is large enough. From OWASP. Talk Python Training offers all our courses at affordable prices, with a pay once, own it forever model and 100% satisfaction guaranteed. How long it would take a computer to crack your password?. Security is important, and now you can learn to safeguard your files. If you must store passwords (including non-Salesforce passwords), note that storing them in plaintext or hashed (such as with the MD5 function) makes your application vulnerable to mass user exploitation if an attacker can get access (even just read-only access) to your database (such as through stealing a backup tape or SQL injection). While writing python code, integrating modules and libraries to build large systems,. Python Cryptography & Security José Manuel Ortega | @jmortegac Websites store hash of a password Write python classes and it will convert to SQL securely. It also requires no root privilege to create the backing store, so that it is seamless for unprivileged use. Python Program to Check if a Number is Odd or Even: Python Program to Check Leap Year: Python Program to Find the Largest Among Three Numbers: Python Program to Check Prime Number: Python Program to Print all Prime Numbers in an Interval: Python Program to Find the Factorial of a Number: Python Program to Display the multiplication Table. Keeper - A Better Secure Way to Store Password from Command Line April 3, 2017 Updated April 3, 2017 By Dwijadas Dey LINUX HOWTO , OPEN SOURCE TOOLS Keeper password manager is a tool that stores password credentials in an encrypted digital vault. For CentOS 7, MySQL-python is built against the client library provided by the mysql-devel package, which does not support some of the newer features, such as caching_sha2_password (the new default authentication plugin as of MySQL 8. Doing so will allow the extension to store your credentials securely in your personal vault. your password when you want to use the API call only when you are logged in, or a secret key stored in your wp-config. SUSE uses cookies to give you the best online experience. Passwords are a weak link in the computer security chain because they rely on us being good at something we find extremely difficult. Database Engine Services: To use Python with SQL Server, you must install an instance of the database engine. It's C#, but this question is language independent. It complements the event-based one-time standard HOTP and offers end user organizations and enterprises more choice in selecting technologies that best fit their application requirements and security guidelines. It does not make the application as a whole more secure. How can I secure this data in a good way?. This means that they are fantastic for ensuring the integrity of data and utterly rubbish for storing passwords. Time and time again you hear about a company having all of their users’ passwords, or “password hashes”, compromised, and often there’s a press response including one or more prominent security researchers demonstrating how 1,000 users had the password “batman”, and so on. A UserWarning subclass issued when password input may be echoed. You may visit any one of our stores by selecting a country below. Python API¶. In order to securely store the password, the password is encrypted using user's window's credentials. Datacamp has beginner to advanced Python training that programmers of all levels benefit from. 17 and prior may also be vulnerable however this has not been confirmed. Learn learn the differences between Excel 2013 and prior versions so you can better protect your sensitive data. Securely store passwords in a mobile application 1 answer My current application has a need to encrypt and store sensitive data and then decrypt it again for use at runtime. The password argument may be a function to call to get the password for decrypting the private key. We think this is the fairest and best model for online courses from your perspective. Password hashing protects passwords in the event of a security breach. PowerShell offers a few different options to hide the password. Change your password and use virus protection software type of stuff. Another option is to create a secure, encrypted version of the password, using. Cloud Firestore is also available in native Node. When you request Google Chrome to save your password on a given website, it stores it in a "Login Data" file (sqlite database file). Javascript function to check a password, various password format including examples. Starting today, Titan Security Keys are available for purchase on the Google Store. And we help cut through the clutter, surfacing what matters most. Then, log into your Bitwarden vault. If you track security breaches, you will realize this is a common theme just among ordinary SaaS apps. Let's take a look at a slower, but more secure hash: SHA1. HIVE_JOB_CREDSTORE_PASSWORD – Set this HiveServer2 environment variable to your job specific Hadoop credential provider password set above. This is MySQL Python programming tutorial. If you store the passwords of your users, your goal should be to make sure that in the event of a data compromise, user passwords should remain safe. hash import argon2 # Calculating a hash hash = argon2. delete_password(service, username): Delete the password stored in keyring. AWS Secret Manager helps you to store, distribute, and rotate credentials securely. from simple_salesforce import Salesforce sf = Salesforce(username='[email protected] Safeguarding the privacy and security of myself and my clients’ data — while still allowing me to execute a penetration test is the goal. fetch data from output parameter of a store procedure; A good way to store data/values? (vb. 11 [a92d5a514d] 2019-10-23 00:46:53 SQLite Encryption Extension Login/Logout. The Password Cracker is downloaded as a zip file, but your virus checker will see that there is an exe. Particularly Forensics, Hash Function Cracking encryption and decryption modules. 10 Best Python IDEs. Depends: if these are the passwords that people will use to log into your application, then you should not encrypt them at all: they should be hashed instead. Unfortunately, there are many problems with HTTP-digest and the most glaring of them is that the server needs to have the password in cleartext. It's C#, but this question is language independent. Your data size is not that much huge, but there are some debates whenever you deal with big data What is the best way to store data in Python and Optimized I/O operations in Python. verify(usersPassword, hash): # Login successful. This can be tricky, because password storage mechanisms are a watering hole for bad advice: there are several solutions to this problem but very few are truly secure. It uses Native-Client to connect directly to ssh servers without the need for external proxies. ROT13 is just too easy to decode manually, isn't case sensitive and retains too much meaning in it's encrypted state. NET C# / ASP. The text isn't masked while you're typing, but it won't show up in your bash history. Legal Notice. On multi-user systems, this is a big security risk. How to store login details securely in the application config file 11 Nov 2016 It is very common in our day and age of interconnected integratedness for an application to be reaching out to external services such as email servers, databases etc. The professional programmer's Deitel guide to Python with introductory artificial intelligence case studiesWritten for programmers with a background in another high-level language, this book uses hands-on instruction to teach today's most compelling, leading-edge computing technologies and programming in Python--one of the world's most popular and fastest-growing languages. However encrypting passwords is not a 100% guarantee that passwords can't be cracked. There is an explanation of why and what the difference is here: Password Storage: How to do it. Algorithms such as PBKDF2, bcrypt, and scrypt all utilize per user salts and iterative hashing capabilities to store passwords securely. Python versions prior to 2. Using a library, rather than writing your own code, means that we have less solutions to the same problem. The third Chapter gives an introduction to Python which includes reserved keywords, identifiers, variables and operators. Best practices: Hash your database passwords. Explore our giveaways, bundles, Pay What You Want deals & more. This tutorial shows you how to host a Python web app in the cloud by using an Elastic Beanstalk environment. We learned that MD5 was designed for speed. There are several options. There are many different ways that a ransomware can infect a device. Learn how Parameter Store uses AWS Key Management Service (KMS) to manage secure string parameters. Password Storage Cheat Sheet. IPython provides a utility for this. See PyMySQL tutorial. Join Coursera for free and transform your career with degrees, certificates, Specializations, & MOOCs in data science, computer science, business, and dozens of other topics. Learn the technical skills you need for the job you want. Keep building amazing things. More than 300 solved lab exercises available in this book is tested in Python 3. Available In: 1. In case of a lost or broken USB key, per-user passwords can be entered instead. See screenshots, read the latest customer reviews, and compare ratings for Keeper® for Microsoft Edge - Password Manager & Digital Vault. Our VPN Server software solution can be deployed on-premises using standard servers or virtual appliances, or on the cloud. Apart from reverse cipher, it is quite possible to encrypt a message in Python via substitution and Caesar shift cipher. Time and time again you hear about a company having all of their users’ passwords, or “password hashes”, compromised, and often there’s a press response including one or more prominent security researchers demonstrating how 1,000 users had the password “batman”, and so on. If you receive an email from a web site or company urging you to provide confidential information, such as a password or Social Security number, you might be the target of a phishing scam. To manually add an entry, open the vault, and click the "New entry" option. This is the place to post completed Scripts/Snippets that you can ask for people to help optimize your code or just share what you have made (large or small). Once you’ve mastered the basics of programming, you’ll create Python programs that effortlessly perform useful and impressive feats of automation to:. But why use an API. authentication. And we help cut through the clutter, surfacing what matters most. (Replace passwords with something like "xxxxxxx" if that part of the code is essential to the post. 17 and prior may also be vulnerable however this has not been confirmed. The issue that I am facing is how to securely store the SSH credentials on my server so that the python script can securely retrieve those credentials and perform its tasks. It wasn't very straight forward as I expected so I've decided to write a tutorial for it. Current Excel versions? Pretty secure. See the release notes for more information about what’s new. A foreign key is a unique. SANS provides intensive, immersion training to more than 165,000 IT security professionals around the world. Password Locker is a terminal run python application that allows users to store details i. Python's built-in (or standard) data types can be grouped into several classes. Learn how to secure your data for the Android, iOS, and Web client libraries with Cloud Firestore Security Rules. The hacker wouldn’t even have to worry about cracking the password. Download PuTTY. It does not make the application as a whole more secure. Python 3 For Windows Phone is a Windows Phone 8 app that provides an interactive Python shell. It can authenticate users using passwords and federated identity provider credentials. 14 may also be vulnerable and it appears that Python 2. Securing user information begins with a proper understanding of security controls and the protection of user passwords using modern hashing algorithms. How do you store your mysql user credentials? The one's you actually connect to the database with? I've tried making sense of the things I've read like storing them outside of root etc. Title: Python standard HTTP libraries fail to validate TLS certificates for HTTPS Products: CPython, all 2. Why does it matter if you securely store the password if your data that the password is protecting is stored un-encrypted. Why is it important? Stored passwords get disclosed from time to time. 003s by Fossil 2. See the release notes for more information about what’s new. Official Site | Second Life - Virtual Worlds, Virtual Reality, VR, Avatars, Free 3D Chat. In this three-part series, you’ll be walked through a task that can be helpfully automated using Python, a great programming language for writing scripts to get things done. To get started, you'll need to export your passwords as a CSV, HTML, XML, or JSON file (depending on which password manager you're using). If you store the password either in a string, or in a list of characters (strings with length 1), or a list of integers, then this isn't going to work, because Python strings and numbers are immutable. 0 includes many improvements and new features, with Document Store being the biggest. While the requirments for salts are lower than those for keys, you still need a decent RNG. Marlborough Python Technical Engineer - MA, 01752. ActivePython is the leading commercial-grade distribution of the open source Python scripting language. If you have two-step verification turned on and an app isn't prompting you to enter a security code when you sign in, you may be able to sign in with an app password instead. This is not in the slightest bit secure to the type of attack you are worried about. For instance, security, valid transactions and such things. ‎Read reviews, compare customer ratings, see screenshots, and learn more about Password Secure Manager App. More deviously, you could store the input as characters in an array. +1 for this one I used to be able to crack them in seconds, but I have not found a tool that is successful yet - the same with 7zip (. Using a library, rather than writing your own code, means that we have less solutions to the same problem. Add this code to create 3 passwords: screenshot; Highlight the code for creating a password, and press tab to indent so that it repeats 3 times. But I don't want to store the password in a plain text. Here's a quick review of the fundamentals. Application Program Interfaces, or APIs, are commonly used to retrieve data from remote websites. Decrypt / Dump contents of CWALLET. A few links that I had used to test the password strength are: How Secure Is My Password; Password Meter; Password Strength Checker. py file and store your variables in there directly. It's open source and used today as a scripting language, for web development, for mobile and desktop, and in many areas thanks to the endless modules options it has. 3 introduces token-based authentication that is on by default. Using off the shelf hardware with any camera, you can design a system as large or as small as you need. Non-Visible makes you type in the password twice. The class org. What is a Password Manager? A password manager is a software application that helps a user or groups of users organize passwords and PIN codes. I'm using keyring library to store passwords in my python app. Download this app from Microsoft Store for Windows 10. Create apps that read, write, and sync files in Google Drive. Note that Python 3. python before versions 2. An attacker could use this flaw to cause denial of service. There are several different portals on the site including LEARN for students (step by step tutorials, tasks, and more) TEACH for teachers TEST (self-marking, trackable tests) for both students and teachers and CODE LIBRARY - an amazing library of python code snippets. Sometimes passwords that start with special-characters or numbers are generated. 4X 5904X Python 951 4702P Python 991 5702P Python 574 5704P Python. Python Software Foundation Python (CPython) version 2. The hacker wouldn’t even have to worry about cracking the password. The account must have API access if not reach out to your SalesForce developer. Check recent security events. Password disclosure is bad news for users and the authenticator. Windows 10 has more built-in security protections to help safeguard you against viruses, phishing, and malware, it’s the most secure Windows ever. New features are now delivered through automatic updates, helping you to stay current and your. Please check your inbox and click on the activation link. GNOME Keyring is integrated with the user's login, so that their secret storage can be unlocked when the user logins into their session. For a web application, generally speaking, what you do and how you do it is much more important than the tools it is based on. To use an API, you make a request to a remote web server, and retrieve the data you need. For more, read the following questions on this site: Store a password to avoid user interaction, where to store a key for encryption, How do open source projects handle secure artifacts?, How can I decrypt data with Java, without hard-coding the key?, Password in file. The connect() function accepts four parameters: host, database, user and password. If this is not an acceptable security tradeoff, try git-credential-cache[1], or find a helper that integrates with secure storage provided by your operating system. Let’s start with the basics: The return of open is a file handle, given out from the operating system to your Python application. Bcrypt & Password Security - An. Please note that those libraries are not offered anymore. It provides an organization with a streamlined, secure, and cloud-based solution to protect data while allowing collaboration and escrow capabilities amongst colleagues. If you leave out the FTP password, your email address will be supplied as a default password. Dubbed PBot, or PythonBot, the. If the password does not exist, it will raise an exception. Working with a microservice-based architecture, user identity, and access control in a distributed, in-depth form must be carefully designed. If you decide to store session tokens, the tokens should be treated as securely as any other sensitive information stored on the server. cURL on some platforms attempts to hide the password so for example with ps -ef you are likely to see blank space instead of a password. This document provides an introduction to the topic of security from the point of view of Redis: the access control provided by Redis, code security concerns, attacks that can be triggered from the outside by selecting malicious inputs and other similar topics are covered. txt, which is included with the pyodbc distribution). Cut & Paste Login and Password script Credit: Donated By [email protected] Please see our. or check out my other youtube videos for python. You can also use Python to insert values into SQL Server table. For accounts from your enterprise's credential store, you can ignore the password parameter and your users will authenticate through that credential store. We're big fans of using memorable but unguessable passwords of the kind dreamed up by Randall Munroe of XKCD. hash import argon2 # Calculating a hash hash = argon2. Since version 1. This is the place to post completed Scripts/Snippets that you can ask for people to help optimize your code or just share what you have made (large or small). Parameter Store Walkthroughs. Say goodbye to storing your important passwords on spreadsheets or post-it notes. 1 on AWS 12042724/securely-storing-passwords-for-use-in-python need to store some. It's C#, but this question is language independent. If you use Python on a UNIX platform, you usually have access to the crypt module. The default is a simple directory backing store, because it requires no prior host customization, so long as the underlying filesystem is large enough. Master Lock Braided Steel Python Cable Lock 4. Once you have a file to store it in, you can separate config by sections and if the section doesn't create, you can populate it and save the file. net, compact framework) Using CallContext to store request specific objects; Where/How to Securely Store ID and Password? how to store different types of data in deque? What is the best way to store XML file in MySQL? STL Help with Store/Retrieve. There is no such recommendation in. In this tutorial, I will show you how you can encrypt or decrypt data in Python with PyNaCl. The websites and apps that you use are under attack every day. For server client libraries, use Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM) to manage access to your database. Download PASSWORD GENERATOR desktop application project in Python with source code. Using that module, you can check a password by encrypting it yourself, and comparing the result to the entry in the password database. Google Authenticator Compatible. MakeReadOnly() Makes the text value of this secure string read-only. Download Manager Password Dump is the free command-line based all-in-one tool to instantly recover your lost or forgotten 5 Jan 2019: Download. The 2012 LinkedIn hack and the recent Adobe hack are two out of many similar cases. Any sensible place to compare passwords would use some > > sort of one-way function (password hash) before the comparison, > > so that someone breaking into the machine will not gain the clear > > text passwords. Make sure that you use a mix of upperletters, special characters and numbers to make complex password. Sometimes when you download a file on a website, the website will provide. Ongoing vigilance is key to avoid becoming a victim of password hacking. In reality, you wouldn't hash passwords to store them in a database, but use a dedicated key derivation function, such as Scrypt. path #random numbers section num1 = random. 17 Troubleshooting Problems Connecting to MySQL If you encounter problems when you try to connect to the MySQL server, the following items describe some courses of action you can take to correct the problem. I want to use an API for one of the projects on which I am working. Dgw royal python. Re: [SOLVED] Encrypting (or protecting) a Python password There's something just wrong about using a less secure password to encrypt a more secure password, but sure, that would probably keep your kid sister or the average laptop thief out of your Facebook. The getpass module provides a secure way to handle the password prompts where programs interact with the users via the terminal. The first cryptography library for Python that comes to mind is PyCrypto, but cryptography makes it significantly harder to shoot yourself in the foot. In the following example, this python program will try to connect to a MySQL database called “thegeekstuff” that is running on the localhost (127. Password disclosure is bad news for users and the authenticator. getpass() and getuser() in Python (Password without echo) getpass() prompts the user for a password without echoing. Note that Python 3. The issue that I am facing is how to securely store the SSH credentials on my server so that the python script can securely retrieve those credentials and perform its tasks. The modern shadow password system, in which password hashes and other security data are stored in a non-public file, somewhat mitigates these concerns. Red Hat OpenShift is focused on security at every level of the container stack and throughout the application lifecycle. Python: Cyber Security and Python Programming Step-by-Step Guides - Kindle edition by Hacking Studios. This is not in the slightest bit secure to the type of attack you are worried about. If the computer you use to login to the cluster is safe and secure, you can easily set your computer so that you can login to Linux server/cluster (and copy files between the machines using SCP) without any password. Using Python keyring. Now you can store your password securely via Python:. py fred password123 Extra layers of "security through obscurity" can be achieved by using base64 (as suggested above), using less obvious names in the code and further distancing the actual password from the code. You need to store passwords on some kind of server so that users are able to authenticate themselves when trying to upload/download files. Quickstart: Use Python to query an Azure SQL database. This solution assumes Python 3. All the same Lynda. To report errors in this documentation, file a bug. 1, Windows Phone 8. 3 version for Windows. If you are not already logged into your Google account, you will be prompted to log in. 18 QGIS Server uses QgsMapRenderer and not QgsMapSettings to configure maps rendering, and color selection was not transmitted between QgsMapRenderer and QgsMapSettings and between mapSettings and jobMapSettings in QgsMapComposer. However encrypting passwords is not a 100% guarantee that passwords can't be cracked. txt, which is included with the pyodbc distribution). Current Excel versions? Pretty secure. 17 and prior may also be vulnerable however this has not been confirmed. We could CRUD our KV Store from outside of Splunk using the Python SDK, or we could create a custom REST endpoint, modify our data and the CRUD the collection in some way. Time and time again you hear about a company having all of their users' passwords, or "password hashes", compromised, and often there's a press response including one or more prominent security researchers demonstrating how 1,000 users had the password "batman", and so on. authentication. hash import argon2 # Calculating a hash hash = argon2. How to automate SSH login with password? I'm configuring my test VM, so heavy security is not considered. Learn Python Python and Data Analytics with Examples and Exercises. How To Securely Pull a Password I wrote a cool Python program that hits a production database using a password stored in the script itself in plaintext. Protect your users and services from password leaks. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Python: Cyber Security and Python Programming Step-by-Step Guides. In reality, you wouldn't hash passwords to store them in a database, but use a dedicated key derivation function, such as Scrypt. Python Program to Check if a Number is Odd or Even: Python Program to Check Leap Year: Python Program to Find the Largest Among Three Numbers: Python Program to Check Prime Number: Python Program to Print all Prime Numbers in an Interval: Python Program to Find the Factorial of a Number: Python Program to Display the multiplication Table. And we help cut through the clutter, surfacing what matters most. Passwordless. This wallet usage can simplify large-scale deployments that rely on password credentials for connecting to databases. Marlborough Python Technical Engineer - MA, 01752. Quickstart: Use Python to query an Azure SQL database. 1 Oracle Wallet Manager Overview. NET C# / ASP. How does My1Login's Password Strength Checker work? The password strength calculator uses a variety of techniques to check how strong a password is. Largest selection of Racquetball Equipment & Fast Shipping!. I saw your instructions to extract the keychain from backup. In this tutorial, we are going encrypt a message in Python via reverse cipher. They can run their favorite command-line Linux tools like the Amazon Web Services (AWS) Command Line Interface (CLI) in Python on Windows 10. Python API¶. Learn learn the differences between Excel 2013 and prior versions so you can better protect your sensitive data. The difference stems from the fact that Python 3 treats “print” as a function, while Python 2 – rather as a command. Storing a password in plain text would mean that anyone who looked through the database would be able to just read the user's passwords. The most recent major version of Python is Python 3, which we shall be using in this tutorial. if you're creating files you need to access they will be owned by root, but you can easily change the permissions using the os module. Happy to see Such useful cryptography and network security concepts in python programming. The software typically has a local database or a file that holds the encrypted password data for secure logon onto computers, networks, web sites and application data files. 1-1) [universe] alternate backend implementations for python-keyring python-keystone (2:9. This was necessary so that user-privileged software tools could find user names and other information. Problem shifted, but not solved. Using a library, rather than writing your own code, means that we have less solutions to the same problem. Secure Password Hashing for Python Developers. See screenshots, read the latest customer reviews, and compare ratings for Python 3. EnableX is a communication platform for embedding video/voice calls and messaging into any apps and sites. For this example, we will store the extracted data in a CSV (Comma Separated Value) format. If this is not an acceptable security tradeoff, try git-credential-cache[1], or find a helper that integrates with secure storage provided by your operating system. We added Time-based One-Time Password (TOTP) support in late May and physical security device support in mid-June. GetPassWarning¶. php, Where do I securely store the key for a system where the source is. Maintaining the Go Crypto Libraries. The account must have API access if not reach out to your SalesForce developer. Don't lose the dang password. Python - Password Hashing Script A small tutorial on how to use the 'hashlib' library in Python to create a script that hashes the users password. welcome to dgw pythons( laura naylor)hope you enjoy watching our babies grow ready for their new homes x. The Python application calls the snowflake. This means that when you create a variable you reserve some space in memory. The text isn't masked while you're typing, but it won't show up in your bash history. We're big fans of using memorable but unguessable passwords of the kind dreamed up by Randall Munroe of XKCD. In this article, we will see how we can send email with attachments using Python. Python Program to Check if a Number is Odd or Even: Python Program to Check Leap Year: Python Program to Find the Largest Among Three Numbers: Python Program to Check Prime Number: Python Program to Print all Prime Numbers in an Interval: Python Program to Find the Factorial of a Number: Python Program to Display the multiplication Table. Relational databases store data in a series of tables. Python Programming tutorials from beginner to advanced on a massive variety of topics. x library through concise source code and output examples. Note: I am new to Python and I want to understand what would be good practice. Table 3: With Salts. As a Python programmer you may need these functions to check for duplicate data or files, to check data integrity when you transmit information over a network, to securely store passwords in databases, or maybe some work related to cryptography. This is strange issue I have observed. 1 on AWS 12042724/securely-storing-passwords-for-use-in-python need to store some. The python core code is secure, but third-party modules, the way you have developed an application may not be, and that's why you need a security scanner to find vulnerabilities if any. Built on MySQL Enterprise Edition and powered by the Oracle Cloud, Oracle MySQL Cloud Service provides a simple, automated, integrated and enterprise ready MySQL cloud service, enabling organizations to increase business agility and reduce costs. In this tutorial, we are going encrypt a message in Python via reverse cipher. Python Program to Find Factors of Number In this program, you'll learn to find the factors of a number using a for loop and display it. A random password generator is software program or hardware device that takes input from a random or pseudo-random number generator and automatically generates a password. So How to generate a random number that is cryptographically secure in Python?. Machine Services (In-Database): This option installs the database services that support Python script execution. Depends: if these are the passwords that people will use to log into your application, then you should not encrypt them at all: they should be hashed instead.